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红酒贮藏应该注意哪些事项?

发布时间:2020-07-24

保质期
quality guarantee period
红葡萄酒并不是年份越老就越好。红酒上面的年份是指用当年的葡萄所酿造的。大部分(99%)的葡萄酒不具有陈年能力,适宜饮用期视不同的酒而不同,一般在2--10年之间。只有少部分特别好的葡萄酒才具有陈年能力。一些法国意大利的红酒的陈年能力有数十年甚至上百年。波尔多酒庄的不少葡萄酒即使保存超过1个世纪,仍然可以适宜饮用。葡萄酒适合陈年需要单宁(即单宁酸),而赤霞珠(葡萄品种)因地理因素和其特性,是众多葡萄品种中更适宜陈年的。
Red wine is not the older the better. The year on a red wine is made from the grapes of that year. Most of the wines (99%) do not have the ability to age, and the suitable drinking period varies with the wine, generally between 2 and 10 years. Only a few very good wines have the ability to age. Some French and Italian wines can age for decades or even hundreds of years. Many of the wines of Bordeaux are still drinkable even if they have been kept for more than a century. Wine is suitable for aging and needs tannin (i.e. tannin), and Cabernet Sauvignon (grape variety) is the most suitable grape variety for aging due to geographical factors and its characteristics.
适宜温度
Suitable temperature
通常贮存葡萄酒的适宜温度为摄氏10°C,一般来说,摄氏7至18°C的温度也不会有损害。要尽量避免酒窖内的温度波动:温度不稳定会给葡萄酒的品质带来一定的影响。要尽量避免在摄氏20°C以上长期存放葡萄酒,也不能低于0°C,这样葡萄酒会结石沉淀,因此减少酒的酸度。
Generally speaking, the suitable temperature for wine storage is 10 ° C. generally speaking, the temperature between 7 ° C and 18 ° C will not be damaged. The temperature fluctuation in the cellar should be avoided as far as possible: the unstable temperature will affect the quality of wine. It is necessary to avoid long-term storage of wine above 20 ° C or below 0 ° C as far as possible. In this way, stones will precipitate in wine, so as to reduce the acidity of wine.
红酒批发
Wine wholesale
储存葡萄酒的温度要保持恒定,需要尽量避免短期的温度波动。通常温度越高,酒的熟化越快;温度低时,酒的成长就会较慢。
In order to keep the storage temperature constant, it is necessary to avoid short-term temperature fluctuations. Generally, the higher the temperature, the faster the wine ripens; when the temperature is low, the wine will grow slowly.
白酒招商加盟
当然,成熟速度的变化也和酿酒所用葡萄品种、酿造法不同而不同。一般而言,不同的葡萄酒所要求的适宜储存温度如下:
Of course, the change of ripening speed is different from the grape varieties and brewing methods used in wine making. In general, the appropriate storage temperatures required for different wines are as follows:
半甜、甜型红葡萄酒 14-16℃ 干红葡萄酒 16-22℃
Semi sweet and sweet red wine 14-16 ℃ dry red wine 16-22 ℃
半干红葡萄酒 16-18℃ 干白葡萄酒 8-10℃
Semi dry red wine 16-18 ℃ dry white wine 8-10 ℃
半干白葡萄酒 8-12℃ 半甜、甜白葡萄酒 10-12℃
Semi dry white wine 8-12 ℃, semi sweet and sweet white wine 10-12 ℃
白兰地 15℃以下 香槟(起泡葡萄酒) 5-9℃
Brandy below 15 ℃, champagne (sparkling wine) 5-9 ℃
贮藏要求
Storage requirements
要求合适的温度,理论温度12℃左右,7-18℃都可以。
The theoretical temperature is about 12 ℃ or 7-18 ℃.
要求避光,因为紫外线会使酒早熟。
It is required to avoid light, because ultraviolet rays will make wine precocious.
避免振动,水平放置,保持软木塞湿润,防止空气进入,避免过于潮湿,以防细菌滋生。
Avoid vibration, place horizontally, keep cork moist, prevent air from entering, avoid excessive humidity, and prevent bacteria from growing.
贮藏地点建议
Storage location recommendations
阴凉通风处、恒温酒柜、地窖等
Cool and ventilated place, constant temperature wine cabinet, cellar, etc
红酒打开后如何保存
How to keep red wine after opening
开过的酒应该将软木塞塞回,把酒瓶放进冰箱,水平摆放。
The opened wine should be corked back, put the bottle into the refrigerator and placed horizontally.
通常,白葡萄酒开过后可以在冰箱中保存1星期。
Usually, white wine can be kept in the refrigerator for a week after opening.
红葡萄酒通常在开过后可以在冰箱中保存2-3星期。
Red wine is usually kept in the refrigerator for 2-3 weeks after opening.
先将酒瓶中的空气抽光,再塞上瓶塞,这样一来,可以保存大概一周时间。但较经济的做法是将喝剩的葡萄酒换到小瓶中,让瓶中存不住空气,就可再保存24小时。不过,已开瓶的葡萄酒,应尽早喝完,因为保存的时间越长,它的风味也就散失得越快。除保存的地点需注意外,摆放酒瓶的方式同样需注意。葡萄酒一定要横放,瓶口稍向下倾斜一些,这样不但有助于酒渣的沉淀,软木塞也能受到酒液的润泽,保持一定的湿度,瓶口就会被木塞紧紧的塞住。
First, the air in the bottle is pumped out, and then the bottle is plugged. In this way, it can be kept for about a week. But the more economical way is to change the remaining wine into a small bottle, so that there is no air in the bottle, so that it can be stored for another 24 hours. However, the wine that has been opened should be drunk as soon as possible, because the longer the wine is kept, the faster its flavor will be lost. In addition to the location of preservation, the way of placing wine bottles should also be noted. Wine must be placed horizontally, and the mouth of the bottle should be tilted down slightly. This not only helps to precipitate the dregs, but also moistens the cork with the liquor. If a certain humidity is maintained, the mouth of the bottle will be tightly blocked by the cork.